Pero Anes Marinho
Trovador medieval

Nationality: Galega

Biographical Note:

Troubadour, possibly galician, member of the powerful Marinho family. This being his general profile, some doubts subsist, however, regarding his concrete identification and chronology, doubts that extend to his presumed brother, the troubadour Martim Anes Marinho (as already exposed in the latter’s biographical note, that we resume).
Two hypotheses have been put forward as to his identification. The first, initially proposed by Lópes Ferrero and Cotarelo Valledor1, and equally defended by Tavani2, is that he would be one of the sons of João Froiaz de Valadares, as mentioned in the “Livro de Linhagens do Conde D. Pedro” being, therefore, brother of the troubadours Osoiro Anes and Martim Anes Marinho. Given the former’s chronology (mentioned in his father’s will, in 1220), his only preserved song would date, in these circumstances, to the middle third of the 13th century. Resende de Oliveira3, however, taking into account the obvious relation between the troubadour and João Airas de Santiago (attested by the note accompanying his only composition present in the songbooks) has doubts about this early chronology, therefore putting forward a second hypothesis, that Pero Anes Marinho, and also Martim Anes, would be, in fact, sons of João Rodrigues de Valadares (from two distinct marriages, therefore half-brothers). That being the case, not only these two brothers would be portuguese, but their chronology would have happened later.
To arrive at this second identification, Resende de Oliveira3 departs from the attributive item in Pero Anes’s composition, where this researcher reads: “Pero Anes Marinho, filho de João Rodrigues de Valadares”. Like Tavani, we think, however, that given the part of the item relative to the patronym being rather obscure, the reading “filho de João Froiaz de Valadares” is, nevertheless, the most probable conjecture.
Actually, and in what concerns the Marinho lineage, count Dom Pedro’s Book of Lineages seems to leap between generations, since, in the development of the path of the sons of João Froiaz, it tells us that a daughter of Martim Anes Marinho died in the court of Afonso IV (LL73C3-4), which seems quite incompatible with the chronology of his uncle, Osoiro Anes. Therefore, two other conjectures may be advanced: one, that Osoiro Anes wouldn’t be, in fact, brother of Pero and Martim Marinho. Another hypothesis would be to consider that maybe Pero and Martim Anes Marinho would be sons of a second marriage of João Froiaz, and thus had a considerable age difference to their brother Osoiro Anes.


1 Cotarelo Valledor, A. (1933), “Los irmanos Eans Mariño, poetas gallegos del siglo XIII”, in Boletin de la Academia Española, XX.

2 Tavani, Giuseppe (1986), A Poesía Lírica Galego-Portuguesa, Vigo, Editorial Galaxia.

3 Oliveira, António Resende de (1994), Depois do espectáculo trovadoresco. A estrutura dos cancioneiros peninsulares e as recolhas dos séculos XIII e XIV, Lisboa, Edições Colibri.

Read all cantigas (in Cancioneiros' order)

Cantigas (alphabetical order):

Boa senhor, o que me foi miscrar
Cantiga de Amor