Paio Gomes Charinho
Trovador medieval


Nationality: Galega

Biographical Note:

Galician troubadour, active in the last decades of the 13th century. Born to a gentry lineage established in Pontevedra, Paio Gomes Charinho progressively gained importance in the Castillian court, ultimately assuming relevant roles in the court of Sancho IV. Having maybe participated in the conquest of Seville (1248), as the inscription in his grave informs us (although the inscription may be only encomiastic), it’s during the 80’s that his social ascension is most visible, in particular after Dom Sancho’s ascent to the throne, whose party he took in the fighting he kept with his father, Alfonso X, in the last years of his reign. Thus, from 1284, besides becoming his counselor, he assumes the role of Sea Admiral, at leat until 1286. In that year, he accompanies Sancho IV in his pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, where he seems to have remained, maybe in consequence of some dispute with the monarch. Be that as it may, in 1290 he gains the title of Meirinho-mor of Galicia. After the death of D. Sancho (1295) he intervenes in the disputes related to the complicated matter of his succession, ultimately being assassinated that same year by Rui Peres Tenoiro (that would be brother of the troubadour Mem Rodrigues Tenoiro).
Resende de Oliveira suggests1 that the social ascension of Paio Gomes Charinho in the Castillian court would also have been favored by the marriage of one of his sisters to João Garcia de Villamayor, mordomo-mor and counselor to Alfonso X. As to the troubadour, he married in an uncertain date with Maria Geraldes Maldonado, with whom he had three children, according to count Dom Pedro’s Book of Lineages (74Q5). Besides the roles assumed, Paio Gomes was also lord of Rianxos, in front of the Arosa estuary. He’s buried in the convent of S. Francisco, in Pontevedra.


References

1 Oliveira, António Resende de (1994), Depois do espectáculo trovadoresco. A estrutura dos cancioneiros peninsulares e as recolhas dos séculos XIII e XIV, Lisboa, Edições Colibri.

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A dona que home
Cantiga de Amor

A mia senhor, que por mal destes meus
Cantiga de Amor

Ai Santiago, padrom sabido
Cantiga de Amigo

As frores do meu amigo
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Coidava-m'eu, quand'amor nom havia
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De quantas cousas eno mundo som
Género incerto

Disserom m'hoj', ai amiga, que nom
Cantiga de Amigo

- Dizem, senhor, ca dissestes por mi
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Dom Afonso Lopes de Baiam quer
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Mia filha, nom hei eu prazer
Cantiga de Amigo

Muitos dizem com gram coita d'amor
Cantiga de Amor

Oí eu sempre, mia senhor, dizer
Cantiga de Amor

Ora me venh'eu, senhor, espedir
Cantiga de Amor

Par Deus, senhor, de grado queria
Cantiga de Amor

Par Deus, senhor, e meu lume e meu bem
Cantiga de Amor

Pois mia ventura tal é, pecador!
Cantiga de Amor

Quantos hoj'andam eno mar aqui
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Que mui de grad'eu querria fazer
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Que muitas vezes eu cuido no bem
Cantiga de Amigo

Senhor fremosa, pois que Deus nom quer
Cantiga de Amor

Senhor fremosa, por Nostro Senhor
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Senhor fremosa, tam de coraçom
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Senhor, sempr'os olhos meus
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Tanto falam do vosso parecer
Cantiga de Amor

Ũa dona que eu quero gram bem
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- Ũa pregunta vos quero fazer
Tenção

- Voss'amigo que vos sempre serviu
Cantiga de Amigo

Vou-m'eu, senhor, e quero-vos leixar
Cantiga de Amor