Lourenço
Jogral medieval


Nationality: Portuguesa

Biographical Note:

Minstrel, most probably portuguese, active in the second and third quarters of the 13th century. The data at our disposal regarding his biography are almost exclusively the ones that may be deduced from his compositions and those directed at him by other composers. Therefore, from his exchanges with João Garcia de Guilhade we can deduce that he must have been at his service (at least for a while). From these same compositions, but also from the remaining exchanges in which he took part, it can equally be deduced that he would have frequented the circle of Alfonso X’s Castillian court, apparently after he was forced to leave Portugal.
In addition to this indirect data, Resende de Oliveira1 quotes a document from the cartulary of Dom João Peres de Aboim, dated 1259, where, among the witnesses, is found one Lourenço “bofom” (buffoom), a character that may correspond to this minstrel. This date being coincident with what appears to be the biographical path of João Garcia de Guilhade, it’s possible, then, that Lourenço accompanied him upon his return to Portugal where, this being the case, he would have frequented the court of Afonso III.
As we mention in the biographical note of João Garcia de Guilhade, this troubadour bears witness, in 1270, to the will of one Lourenço Martins, husband of a certain Sancha Peres de Guilhade, probably a relative. The clear proximity between the troubadour and his minstrel makes attractive the hypothesis that this Lourenço Matins was the minstrel Lourenço. However, the very frequent cases of homonymy at the time would advise some prudence in this identification.


References

1 Oliveira, António Resende de (1994), Depois do espectáculo trovadoresco. A estrutura dos cancioneiros peninsulares e as recolhas dos séculos XIII e XIV, Lisboa, Edições Colibri.

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Cantigas (alphabetical order):


Amiga, des que meu amigo vi
Cantiga de Amigo

Amiga, quero-m'ora cousecer
Cantiga de Amigo

Assaz é meu amigo trobador
Cantiga de Amigo

Estes com que eu venho preguntei
Cantiga de Amor

- Ir-vos queredes, amigo
Cantiga de Amigo

Já 'gora meu amigo filharia
Cantiga de Amigo

- Joam Vaásquez, moiro por saber
Tenção

- Lourenço jograr, hás mui gram sabor
Tenção

- Lourenço, soías tu guarecer
Tenção

- Muito te vejo, Lourenço, queixar
Tenção

Pedr'Amigo duas sobêrvias faz
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

- Quem ama Deus, Lourenç', am'a verdade
Tenção

- Quero que julguedes, Pero Garcia
Tenção

- Rodrig'Eanes, queria saber
Tenção

Senhor fremosa, oí eu dizer
Cantiga de Amor

Três moças cantavam d'amor
Cantiga de Amor

Ũa moça namorada
Cantiga de Amigo