Airas Peres Vuitorom
Trovador medieval


Nationality: Galega?

Biographical Note:

Troubadour whose biography still presents many obscure points. Taking into account several of his songs whose context is the Portuguese civil war of 1245-47, he has been considered a Portuguese troubadour, possibly one Airas Peres, native of Vitorino de Piães (Ponte de Lima) that appears in the 1258 inquiries. But Carolina de Micaelis1 had already admitted his possible Galician origins, probably as the son of the archdeacon of Lugo, Pero Aires Vuyt. Resende de Oliveira2 also thinks that, being the family name unknow in Portugal, his origin is probably from Galicia, where the said family name has been documented around the mid-13th century. Therefore, a certain Pero Pais Vultoran, knight (that may be his son) and one João Peres Vuitorom (that may be his brother) appear, in 1255 and 1262 respectively, in documents from the region between Ourense and Santiago de Compostela, making it possibly the lineage’s place of origin. Which, in principle, wouldn’t be impeditive of a later Portuguese journey, as we know was the case of several other Galician knights in the same period. Be that as it may, it’s almost certain that Airas Peres acompannied the path of Alfonso X, prince and King (or at least the first years of his reign). He was most certainly with him in Portugal, at the military campaign to help the unfortunate King Sancho II that the prince heir undertook in 1246/1247, as the mentioned songs demostrate. He also took part in the conquest of Seville, given that his name appears in the repartimiento of this city as a beneficiary of some assets. From this date on, although some other compositions appear to show him still active, we know nothing about his life.


References

1 Vasconcelos, Carolina Michaëlis de (1990), Cancioneiro da Ajuda, vol. II, Lisboa, Imprensa nacional - Casa da Moeda (reimpressão da edição de Halle, 1904).

2 Oliveira, António Resende de (1994), Depois do espectáculo trovadoresco. A estrutura dos cancioneiros peninsulares e as recolhas dos séculos XIII e XIV, Lisboa, Edições Colibri.

Read all cantigas (in Cancioneiros' order)


Cantigas (alphabetical order):


À lealdade da Bezerra, que pela Beira muit'anda,
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Correola, sodes adeantado
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Dom Bernaldo, por que nom entendedes
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Dom Estêvam diz que desamor
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Dom Estêvam, tam de mal talam
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Dom Fernando, vejo-vos andar ledo
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Dom Martim Galo est acostumado
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Fernam Díaz é aqui, como vistes
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Já um s'achou com corpes, que fezerom
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Joam Nicolás soube guarecer
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Joam Soares, pero vós teedes
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer

Pois que Dom Gómez Cura querria
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer


Doubtful Authorship:


Dom Estêvam, eu eiri comi
Cantiga de Escárnio e maldizer